The runner class is designed to manage the training. It eases the training process with less code demanded from users while staying flexible and configurable. The main features are as listed:
IterBasedRunnerfor different scenarios. Implementing customized runners is also allowed to meet customized needs.
Support customized workflow to allow switching between different modes while training. Currently, supported modes are train and val.
Enable extensibility through various hooks, including hooks defined in MMCV and customized ones.
As its name indicates, workflow in
EpochBasedRunner should be set based on epochs. For example, [(‘train’, 2), (‘val’, 1)] means running 2 epochs for training and 1 epoch for validation, iteratively. And each epoch may contain multiple iterations. Currently, MMDetection uses
EpochBasedRunner by default.
Let’s take a look at its core logic:
# the condition to stop training while curr_epoch < max_epochs: # traverse the workflow. # e.g. workflow = [('train', 2), ('val', 1)] for i, flow in enumerate(workflow): # mode(e.g. train) determines which function to run mode, epochs = flow # epoch_runner will be either self.train() or self.val() epoch_runner = getattr(self, mode) # execute the corresponding function for _ in range(epochs): epoch_runner(data_loaders[i], **kwargs)
Currently, we support 2 modes: train and val. Let’s take a train function for example and have a look at its core logic:
# Currently, epoch_runner could be either train or val def train(self, data_loader, **kwargs): # traverse the dataset and get batch data for 1 epoch for i, data_batch in enumerate(data_loader): # it will execute all before_train_iter function in the hooks registered. You may want to watch out for the order. self.call_hook('before_train_iter') # set train_mode as False in val function self.run_iter(data_batch, train_mode=True, **kwargs) self.call_hook('after_train_iter') self.call_hook('after_train_epoch')
EpochBasedRunner, workflow in
IterBasedRunner should be set based on iterations. For example, [(‘train’, 2), (‘val’, 1)] means running 2 iters for training and 1 iter for validation, iteratively. Currently, MMSegmentation uses
IterBasedRunner by default.
Let’s take a look at its core logic:
# Although we set workflow by iters here, we might also need info on the epochs in some using cases. That can be provided by IterLoader. iter_loaders = [IterLoader(x) for x in data_loaders] # the condition to stop training while curr_iter < max_iters: # traverse the workflow. # e.g. workflow = [('train', 2), ('val', 1)] for i, flow in enumerate(workflow): # mode(e.g. train) determines which function to run mode, iters = flow # iter_runner will be either self.train() or self.val() iter_runner = getattr(self, mode) # execute the corresponding function for _ in range(iters): iter_runner(iter_loaders[i], **kwargs)
Currently, we support 2 modes: train and val. Let’s take a val function for example and have a look at its core logic:
# Currently, iter_runner could be either train or val def val(self, data_loader, **kwargs): # get batch data for 1 iter data_batch = next(data_loader) # it will execute all before_val_iter function in the hooks registered. You may want to watch out for the order. self.call_hook('before_val_iter') outputs = self.model.val_step(data_batch, self.optimizer, **kwargs) self.outputs = outputs self.call_hook('after_val_iter')
Other than the basic functionalities explained above,
IterBasedRunner provide methods such as
register_hook. In case you are not familiar with the term Hook mentioned earlier, we will also provide a tutorial about it.(coming soon…) Essentially, a hook is functionality to alter or augment the code behaviors through predefined api. It allows users to have their own code called under certain circumstances. It makes code extensible in a non-intrusive manner.
A Simple Example¶
We will walk you through the usage of runner with a classification task. The following code only contains essential steps for demonstration purposes. The following steps are necessary for any training tasks.
(1) Initialize dataloader, model, optimizer, etc.
# initialize model model=... # initialize optimizer, typically, we set: cfg.optimizer = dict(type='SGD', lr=0.1, momentum=0.9, weight_decay=0.0001) optimizer = build_optimizer(model, cfg.optimizer) # initialize the dataloader corresponding to the workflow(train/val) data_loaders = [ build_dataloader( ds, cfg.data.samples_per_gpu, cfg.data.workers_per_gpu, ...) for ds in dataset ]
(2) Initialize runner
runner = build_runner( # cfg.runner is typically set as: # runner = dict(type='EpochBasedRunner', max_epochs=200) cfg.runner, default_args=dict( model=model, batch_processor=None, optimizer=optimizer, logger=logger))
(3) Register training hooks and customized hooks.
# register default hooks necessary for training runner.register_training_hooks( # configs of learning rate, it is typically set as: # lr_config = dict(policy='step', step=[100, 150]) cfg.lr_config, # configuration of optimizer, e.g. grad_clip optimizer_config, # configuration of saving checkpoints, it is typically set as: # checkpoint_config = dict(interval=1), saving checkpoints every epochs cfg.checkpoint_config, # configuration of logs cfg.log_config, ...) # register customized hooks # say we want to enable ema, then we could set custom_hooks=[dict(type='EMAHook')] if cfg.get('custom_hooks', None): custom_hooks = cfg.custom_hooks for hook_cfg in cfg.custom_hooks: hook_cfg = hook_cfg.copy() priority = hook_cfg.pop('priority', 'NORMAL') hook = build_from_cfg(hook_cfg, HOOKS) runner.register_hook(hook, priority=priority)
Then, we can use
load_checkpoint to load existing weights.
(4) Start training
# workflow is typically set as: workflow = [('train', 1)] # here the training begins. runner.run(data_loaders, cfg.workflow)
EpochBasedRunner for example and go a little bit into details about setting workflow:
Say we only want to put train in the workflow, then we can set: workflow = [(‘train’, 1)]. The runner will only execute train iteratively in this case.
Say we want to put both train and val in the workflow, then we can set: workflow = [(‘train’, 3), (‘val’,1)]. The runner will first execute train for 3 epochs and then switch to val mode and execute val for 1 epoch. The workflow will be repeated until the current epoch hit the max_epochs.
Workflow is highly flexible. Therefore, you can set workflow = [(‘val’, 1), (‘train’,1)] if you would like the runner to validate first and train after.
The code we demonstrated above is already in
train.py in MM repositories. Simply modify the corresponding keys in the configuration files and the script will execute the expected workflow automatically.