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# Copyright (c) OpenMMLab. All rights reserved.
import warnings
from typing import Tuple, Union

import cv2
import numpy as np

from mmcv.arraymisc import dequantize, quantize
from mmcv.image import imread, imwrite
from mmcv.utils import is_str

[文档]def flowread(flow_or_path: Union[np.ndarray, str], quantize: bool = False, concat_axis: int = 0, *args, **kwargs) -> np.ndarray: """Read an optical flow map. Args: flow_or_path (ndarray or str): A flow map or filepath. quantize (bool): whether to read quantized pair, if set to True, remaining args will be passed to :func:`dequantize_flow`. concat_axis (int): The axis that dx and dy are concatenated, can be either 0 or 1. Ignored if quantize is False. Returns: ndarray: Optical flow represented as a (h, w, 2) numpy array """ if isinstance(flow_or_path, np.ndarray): if (flow_or_path.ndim != 3) or (flow_or_path.shape[-1] != 2): raise ValueError(f'Invalid flow with shape {flow_or_path.shape}') return flow_or_path elif not is_str(flow_or_path): raise TypeError(f'"flow_or_path" must be a filename or numpy array, ' f'not {type(flow_or_path)}') if not quantize: with open(flow_or_path, 'rb') as f: try: header ='utf-8') except Exception: raise OSError(f'Invalid flow file: {flow_or_path}') else: if header != 'PIEH': raise OSError(f'Invalid flow file: {flow_or_path}, ' 'header does not contain PIEH') w = np.fromfile(f, np.int32, 1).squeeze() h = np.fromfile(f, np.int32, 1).squeeze() flow = np.fromfile(f, np.float32, w * h * 2).reshape((h, w, 2)) else: assert concat_axis in [0, 1] cat_flow = imread(flow_or_path, flag='unchanged') if cat_flow.ndim != 2: raise OSError( f'{flow_or_path} is not a valid quantized flow file, ' f'its dimension is {cat_flow.ndim}.') assert cat_flow.shape[concat_axis] % 2 == 0 dx, dy = np.split(cat_flow, 2, axis=concat_axis) flow = dequantize_flow(dx, dy, *args, **kwargs) return flow.astype(np.float32)
[文档]def flowwrite(flow: np.ndarray, filename: str, quantize: bool = False, concat_axis: int = 0, *args, **kwargs) -> None: """Write optical flow to file. If the flow is not quantized, it will be saved as a .flo file losslessly, otherwise a jpeg image which is lossy but of much smaller size. (dx and dy will be concatenated horizontally into a single image if quantize is True.) Args: flow (ndarray): (h, w, 2) array of optical flow. filename (str): Output filepath. quantize (bool): Whether to quantize the flow and save it to 2 jpeg images. If set to True, remaining args will be passed to :func:`quantize_flow`. concat_axis (int): The axis that dx and dy are concatenated, can be either 0 or 1. Ignored if quantize is False. """ if not quantize: with open(filename, 'wb') as f: f.write(b'PIEH') np.array([flow.shape[1], flow.shape[0]], dtype=np.int32).tofile(f) flow = flow.astype(np.float32) flow.tofile(f) f.flush() else: assert concat_axis in [0, 1] dx, dy = quantize_flow(flow, *args, **kwargs) dxdy = np.concatenate((dx, dy), axis=concat_axis) imwrite(dxdy, filename)
[文档]def quantize_flow(flow: np.ndarray, max_val: float = 0.02, norm: bool = True) -> tuple: """Quantize flow to [0, 255]. After this step, the size of flow will be much smaller, and can be dumped as jpeg images. Args: flow (ndarray): (h, w, 2) array of optical flow. max_val (float): Maximum value of flow, values beyond [-max_val, max_val] will be truncated. norm (bool): Whether to divide flow values by image width/height. Returns: tuple[ndarray]: Quantized dx and dy. """ h, w, _ = flow.shape dx = flow[..., 0] dy = flow[..., 1] if norm: dx = dx / w # avoid inplace operations dy = dy / h # use 255 levels instead of 256 to make sure 0 is 0 after dequantization. flow_comps = [ quantize(d, -max_val, max_val, 255, np.uint8) for d in [dx, dy] ] return tuple(flow_comps)
[文档]def dequantize_flow(dx: np.ndarray, dy: np.ndarray, max_val: float = 0.02, denorm: bool = True) -> np.ndarray: """Recover from quantized flow. Args: dx (ndarray): Quantized dx. dy (ndarray): Quantized dy. max_val (float): Maximum value used when quantizing. denorm (bool): Whether to multiply flow values with width/height. Returns: ndarray: Dequantized flow. """ assert dx.shape == dy.shape assert dx.ndim == 2 or (dx.ndim == 3 and dx.shape[-1] == 1) dx, dy = (dequantize(d, -max_val, max_val, 255) for d in [dx, dy]) if denorm: dx *= dx.shape[1] dy *= dx.shape[0] flow = np.dstack((dx, dy)) return flow
[文档]def flow_warp(img: np.ndarray, flow: np.ndarray, filling_value: int = 0, interpolate_mode: str = 'nearest') -> np.ndarray: """Use flow to warp img. Args: img (ndarray): Image to be warped. flow (ndarray): Optical Flow. filling_value (int): The missing pixels will be set with filling_value. interpolate_mode (str): bilinear -> Bilinear Interpolation; nearest -> Nearest Neighbor. Returns: ndarray: Warped image with the same shape of img """ warnings.warn('This function is just for prototyping and cannot ' 'guarantee the computational efficiency.') assert flow.ndim == 3, 'Flow must be in 3D arrays.' height = flow.shape[0] width = flow.shape[1] channels = img.shape[2] output = np.ones( (height, width, channels), dtype=img.dtype) * filling_value grid = np.indices((height, width)).swapaxes(0, 1).swapaxes(1, 2) dx = grid[:, :, 0] + flow[:, :, 1] dy = grid[:, :, 1] + flow[:, :, 0] sx = np.floor(dx).astype(int) sy = np.floor(dy).astype(int) valid = (sx >= 0) & (sx < height - 1) & (sy >= 0) & (sy < width - 1) if interpolate_mode == 'nearest': output[valid, :] = img[dx[valid].round().astype(int), dy[valid].round().astype(int), :] elif interpolate_mode == 'bilinear': # dirty walkround for integer positions eps_ = 1e-6 dx, dy = dx + eps_, dy + eps_ left_top_ = img[np.floor(dx[valid]).astype(int), np.floor(dy[valid]).astype(int), :] * ( np.ceil(dx[valid]) - dx[valid])[:, None] * ( np.ceil(dy[valid]) - dy[valid])[:, None] left_down_ = img[np.ceil(dx[valid]).astype(int), np.floor(dy[valid]).astype(int), :] * ( dx[valid] - np.floor(dx[valid]))[:, None] * ( np.ceil(dy[valid]) - dy[valid])[:, None] right_top_ = img[np.floor(dx[valid]).astype(int), np.ceil(dy[valid]).astype(int), :] * ( np.ceil(dx[valid]) - dx[valid])[:, None] * ( dy[valid] - np.floor(dy[valid]))[:, None] right_down_ = img[np.ceil(dx[valid]).astype(int), np.ceil(dy[valid]).astype(int), :] * ( dx[valid] - np.floor(dx[valid]))[:, None] * ( dy[valid] - np.floor(dy[valid]))[:, None] output[valid, :] = left_top_ + left_down_ + right_top_ + right_down_ else: raise NotImplementedError( 'We only support interpolation modes of nearest and bilinear, ' f'but got {interpolate_mode}.') return output.astype(img.dtype)
[文档]def flow_from_bytes(content: bytes) -> np.ndarray: """Read dense optical flow from bytes. .. note:: This load optical flow function works for FlyingChairs, FlyingThings3D, Sintel, FlyingChairsOcc datasets, but cannot load the data from ChairsSDHom. Args: content (bytes): Optical flow bytes got from files or other streams. Returns: ndarray: Loaded optical flow with the shape (H, W, 2). """ # header in first 4 bytes header = content[:4] if header.decode('utf-8') != 'PIEH': raise Exception('Flow file header does not contain PIEH') # width in second 4 bytes width = np.frombuffer(content[4:], np.int32, 1).squeeze() # height in third 4 bytes height = np.frombuffer(content[8:], np.int32, 1).squeeze() # after first 12 bytes, all bytes are flow flow = np.frombuffer(content[12:], np.float32, width * height * 2).reshape( (height, width, 2)) return flow
[文档]def sparse_flow_from_bytes(content: bytes) -> Tuple[np.ndarray, np.ndarray]: """Read the optical flow in KITTI datasets from bytes. This function is modified from RAFT load the `KITTI datasets <>`_. Args: content (bytes): Optical flow bytes got from files or other streams. Returns: Tuple(ndarray, ndarray): Loaded optical flow with the shape (H, W, 2) and flow valid mask with the shape (H, W). """ # nopa content = np.frombuffer(content, np.uint8) flow = cv2.imdecode(content, cv2.IMREAD_ANYDEPTH | cv2.IMREAD_COLOR) flow = flow[:, :, ::-1].astype(np.float32) # flow shape (H, W, 2) valid shape (H, W) flow, valid = flow[:, :, :2], flow[:, :, 2] flow = (flow - 2**15) / 64.0 return flow, valid
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